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Biblica et Orientalia

Direttore: Agustinus Gianto, S.J.

Questa collana sviluppa aspetti della Bibbia direttamente collegati al retroterra culturale dell’Antico Oriente da cui essa proviene. Nelle pubblicazioni più recenti vengono particolarmente approfonditi studi di carattere filologico.

Northwest Semitic Philology and the Hebrew Fragments of Ben Sira

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Penar, Tadeusz

“Biblica et orientalia” 28

1975, pp. XVI-114





This volume is a revised and expanded version of Penar’s doctoral dissertation “Philological Notes on the Hebrew Fragments of Ben Sira”. The author criticizes the text-critical approach of many studies on these fragments. Its effectiveness is weakened by the unreliability of the ancient versions, which, swarm with corruptions and errors. Progress in Northwest Semitic philology has given new insights into a lot of grammatical peculiarities of Hebrew and an enormous number of biblical texts, regarded as corrupt, could be explained without resorting to emendation. The purpose of this dissertation is to shed new light on a series of passages from Ben Sira by applying the principles of Northwest Semitic philology.


Nordwestsemitische Studien zum Hoseabuch

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Kuhnigk, Willibald

“Biblica et orientalia” 27

1974, pp. XX-180




Meine Untersuchung wurde wesentlich erleichtert und vereinfacht vor allem durch die beiden in den letzten Jahren erschienenen großen Kommentare von H.W. Wolff und W. Rudolph. Deren fleißige und gründliche Arbeit hat es mir auch erlaubt, gewöhnlich auf die Darlegung und Diskussion der jeweiligen Probleme mit umfangreichem bibliographischem Nachweis weitgehend zu verzichten und nur die Lösungsvorschläge mit den dazugehörigen Argumenten zu bringen. Auf diese beiden Kommentare sei also grundsätzlich verwiesen, auch wo es nicht eigens gesagt wird. Hat sich mein Hauptaugenmerk auch auf das Hoseabuch gerichtet, so ging es natürlich nicht ohne einen häufigen Blick „über den Zaun“ in andere biblische Bücher…


Nahum in the Light of Northwest Semitic

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Catchcart, Kevin J.

“Biblica et orientalia” 26

1973, pp. 172




This study attempts to explain many of the “difficulties” on Nahum by utilizing the materials now available as a result of epigraphical discoveries and subsequent advances in the study of comparative Semitic philology and comparative ancient Near East literatures. The author believes that grammatical, syntactical and lexical problems can often be adequately explained by comparative Northwest Semitic philology, thus removing the necessity for “improvement” of the text. The first part of each chapter presents the Hebrew text with syllable and stress counts and a new translation. The second part of each chapter is a philological commentary in which grammatical, syntactical and lexical problems are examined in the light of North-west Semitic.


Zephania, Versuch einer Neuübersetzung mit philologischen Kommentar

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Sabottka, Ludger

“Biblica et orientalia” 25

1972, pp. XIX-177




Die vorliegende Studie wurde unter der Leitung von Prof. M. Dahood, Rom, Geschrieben. Ihm vor allem danke ich es, wenn es mir gelungen sein sollte, in den zum Teil recht dunklen Text des Zephanjabuches mit Hilfe der heute zur Verfügung stehenden philologischen Möglichkeiten mehr Licht gebracht zu haben. Dabei lag der Schwerpunkt der Arbeit in der Eruierung neuer Möglichkeiten der Übersetzung, die hiermit zur Diskussion gestellt werden sollen. Fragen, die den philologischen Bereich überschreiten, mußten weitgehend unberücksichtigt bleiben, so wichtig sie auch zur vollständigen Interpretation des Textes sind. Bei der Heranziehung des bisher zu Zephanja veröffentlichen Materials war nicht Vollständigkeit und Systematik der leitende Gedanke, sondern Konzentrierung auf das unter philologischem Gesichtspunkt Bedeutsame.


Jewish Ossuaries: Reburial and Rebirth

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Meyers, Eric M.

“Biblica et orientalia” 24

1971, pp. XII-120



The question of the meaning and origin of Jewish ossuaries has long held the attention of the scholarly world. Since the vast majority of Jewish ossuaries come from the latter part of the Second Temple period they constitute one of the most important bodies of evidence for the recovery of the Judaism of that period. This study makes the methodological assumption that the study of Jewish ossuaries is not necessarily to be confined to the Hellenistic-Roman period, but can include the First Temple period. Secondly, this study shows that burial customs provide extremely fertile ground for understanding conceptions of afterlife. It is now possible to provide the conceptual matrix for Jewish ossuaries which in our view conforms to both Palestinian burials.


Nordwest Semitic Grammar and Job

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Blommerde, Anton C. M.

“Biblica et orientalia” 22

1969, pp. XXVIII-152




This discovery and study of the Ugaritic texts and progress in Northwest Semitic philology have given a new impulse to Hebrew philology: both lexicography and grammar have profited by this renewed interest, and new insights into the thematic and stylistic resemblances between Ugaritic, Phoenician, and Hebrew literature have been gained. This study is chiefly concerned with some grammatical peculiarities which either have been discovered for the first time in Ugaritic or Phoenician and afterwards also in Hebrew, or which were already known from Hebrew, but have received renewed attention under the impulse of Northwest Semitic studies. It tries to shed new light on a series of passages from Job by applying these grammatical principles.


Primitive Conceptions of Death and the nether World in the old testament

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Tromp Nicholas J.

“Biblica et orientalia” 21

1969, pp. XXIV-244




This study intends to show how the application of the fruits of Ugaritic scholarship can make a valuable contribution to the study of Israelite conceptions about Death and the Hereafter. In the first place this contribution is of a linguistic nature: it attempts to use the results of philological research on the Ugaritic texts and its application to biblical literature. Secondly, it tries to obtain a better perspective of Israelite views on death and the beyond with the help of conceptions found in these texts. This study is limited to mythical motives. This limitation implies that the theme treated is Death and Sheol as the Israelite eschata. The problems of immortality and resurrection are not discussed.


Ezekiel’s prophecy on Tyre (Ez 26, 1-28,19)

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Van Dijik, Jan H.

“Biblica et orientalia” 20

1968, pp. XII-152




To clear up the manifold obscurities and problems of the text of Ezekiel, the first device which commentators have resorted to, is emendation or interpretation of the Hebrew text on the basis of the ancient versions and especially of the LXX. The second is a literary approach, consisting in cutting out bigger or smaller portions from the text, to meet the poetical requirements favoured by commentators. This study follows a third method, based on a firm belief in the substantial reliability of the consonantal Hebrew text, and availing itself of the new material of both lexical and syntactical nature uncovered by comparative Canaanite and Semitic studies. The author studies Ezekiel’s prophecy on Tyre, but, in as far as seems desirable, he applies his solutions to other biblical texts as well.

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