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Biblica et Orientalia

Direttore: Agustinus Gianto, S.J.

Questa collana sviluppa aspetti della Bibbia direttamente collegati al retroterra culturale dell’Antico Oriente da cui essa proviene. Nelle pubblicazioni più recenti vengono particolarmente approfonditi studi di carattere filologico.

The aramaic Inscriptions of Sefire

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Fitzmyer, Joseph A.

“Biblica et orientalia” 19a

19952 revised ed., pp. 250 + 19 tavv.




Since the first publication of the texts of the Aramaic Inscriptions of Sefire, they have been the subject of much scholarly discussion and interpretation. The three steles preserve the text of a treaty or treaties made by a north Syrian ruler. In the first two of them he is named as Mati‛el, the son of ‛Attarsamak, the king of Arpad. The several inscriptions of Sefire give us an inkling of the complicated political situation that existed in northern Syria in the middle of the eight century BC. All such ententes must have come to an end when Tiglathpileser III reasserted Neo-Assyrian might. All these details provide an interesting historical background for the reigns of Jeroboam II in Israel and of Uzziah in Judah, as well for the career of the prophet Amos.


The Genesis Apocryphon of Qumran Cave 1 (1Q20)

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Fitzmyer, Joseph A.

“Biblica et orientalia” 18b

2004, pp. 346




This is the third, revised edition of the standard commentary on the Genesis Apocryphon by the author. The first edition appeared in 1966, and the second in 1971. The third edition, which is about 80 pages longer, has integrated new textual findings, in particular two columns of the text previously considered to be too fragmentary for inclusion. The commentary also evaluates recent scholarly discussion on virtually every part of the text. This edition, like the previous two, also presents an updated reference grammar of the Aramaic of the Genesis Apocryphon and a complete glossary. In this respect the book can also serve as a solid introduction to the study of the Aramaic of Qumran.


Ugaritic-Hebrew Philology

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Fitzmyer J.- Dahood M.

“Biblica et orientalia” 17

19892 revised ed., pp. VIII-90




The present work is a series of observations by a well-known Ugaritic scholar, Mitchel Dahood, on a classic grammar of the Ugaritic language, C. H. Gordon’s Ugaritic Textbook (Analecta Orientalia, 38: Pontifical Biblical Institute, Roma 1965). Originally published in 1965, immediately after the appearance of Gordon’s work, Dahood’s book soon established itself as a stimulating companion volume. It has continued to sell well over the years, and this new edition consists in a reprint of the original edition with a brief appendix of corrections and additions. All three principal of Gordon’s work –grammar texts in transliteration and glossary- are taken into consideration and commend upon in various details.


Il Diatessaron persiano

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Messina Giuseppe

“Biblica et orientalia” 14  ESAURITO - OUT OF PRINT

1951, pp. CXIV-392 + 2 tavv.


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Les origines de la version arménienne et le diatessaron

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Lyonnet, Stanislas

“Biblica et orientalia” 13

1950, pp. IX-304




L’auteur commence son étude avec une question préalable: la traduction arménienne est-elle sortie, un beau jour toute faite du “bureau” de quelque savant d’autrefois, Jérôme, Rabbula ou Machtots, pour devenir aussitôt un texte à peu près ne varietur, ou bien connut-elle avant de revêtir la forme qui lui est restée attachée, une histoire plus ou moins longue et compliquée? L’auteur, avec cette étude, espère montrer qu’une “vieille version arménienne” indubitablement a existé, et en reconstituer des éléments suffisant pour pouvoir apprécier exactement le modèle qui lui a servi à de base et que Lyonnet pense avoir été un texte vieux syriaque et peut-être le même diatessaron de Tatien.


Il šarh d qabin d šišlam rba (d. c. 38)

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Drower Ethel Stefana

“Biblica et orientalia” 12

1950, pp. 112




The explanatory commentary on the marriage ceremony of the Great Sišlam is divided into sections. The first, which gives the name to the whole book, is devoted to a description of the actual and traditional procedure at a Mandean wedding. The other sections are the prayers, hymns and songs appointed for recital during the ceremony. They are written in the vernacular, a language close to the spoken Mandaic of today. The poems offer the problems of the language of mysticism. Arbitrary meanings are attached to simple words in an effort to convey the mystical and the divine. The commentary is concluded by an astrological appendix, about the procedure to follow for the consummation of marriage.


Word of God in the Qur'an

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O’ Shaughnessy, Thomas

“Biblica et orientalia” 11/a

19842, revised ed. pp. 56




Inizi di lirica ascetica e mistica persiana

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Messina, Giuseppe

“Biblica et orientalia” 7

1938, pp. 56




Questo studio riproduce una conferenza tenuta dall’autore nel gennaio del 1938 presso il Pontificio Istituto Biblico. Esso intende offrire un quadro schematico degli inizi della lirica religiosa persiana ed esporre germi e sviluppi della concezione ascetica e mistica in Persia. Il primo autore di una lirica in lingua persiana che canti con elevata ispirazione il distacco totale dal mondo e l’incanto dell’unione con Dio è Abû Saîd Fadl Allâh b. Abi-l-Chair, nato nel 967 e morto nel 1048. Messina analizza le quartine di Abû Saîd e quelle del contemporaneo Bâbâ Tâhir. Lo studio evidenzia i risvolti mistici e ascetici degli scritti di questi esponenti del sufismo persiano, mettendoli a confronto con il legalismo musulmano.

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