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Subsidia Biblica

Direttore: James Swetnam, S.J.

A differenza di “Analecta Biblica” e “Biblica et Orientalia”, questa Collana, a cura del Pontificio Istituto Biblico, tratta argomenti quali bibliografie, studi di vocabolario, offrendo le basi per uno studio accurato dei testi biblici.

A Manual of Hebrew Poetics

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Alonso Schökel, Luis

“Subsidia Biblica” 11

20002 pp. XII-228




This manual closes a circle which began in 1954 with the beginning of work on a doctoral dissertation defended at the Pontifical Biblical Institute in April 1957 (published in Spanish in 1962). During three decades of teaching and writing the author has kept an active interest in poetics and stylistics and the resulting accumulated knowledge has been concentrated in the present manual. The primary purpose of the book is not to serve as a source of information about facts and authors but rather to initiate the reader into the stylistic analysis of poetry. Among the poetic techniques discussed are sound and sonority, rhythm, imagery, figures of speech, dialogue and monologue, development and composition.

Luis Alonso Schökel was born in Madrid in 1920. In 1935 he entered the Society of Jesus in Belgium. He studied classical literature at Salamanca, phiolosophy at Oña (Burgos) and theology at Comillas. From 1951 to 1957 he studied Scripture at the Pontifical Biblical Institute in Rome and received the Licentiate and Doctoral degrees. From 1957 to 1995 he was professor of Sacred Scripture at the Insitute, and lectured widely in Europe, The Americas, and the Far East. He was the author of many books and articles. He died on July 10, 1998, in Salamanca.


An Introduction to the Study of the New Testament Greek

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Swetnam, James

“Subsidia Biblica” 16

voll. nn. 2

19982 revised ed., pp. LIV-802



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The present work is designed primarily for students who are constrained by circumstances to begin the study of New Testament Greek without the aid of a teacher. The two volumes presume that the beginner knows nothing about the Greek language, and little or nothing about traditional categories of grammar which come from the Greco-Latin heritage. These traditional categories are explained as the Greek of the New Testament is introduced. An elaborate system of indices and lists has been worked out to enable the student to see how morphological forms and vocabulary words fit into the language as a whole.

James Swetnam. S. J., has been teaching introductory New Testament Greek for more than thirty years at the Pontifical Biblical Institute in Rome.


Il più antico manoscritto dei Vangeli

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Thiede Carsten, Peter

“Subsidia Biblica” 10

1987, pp. 64




Nel 1972 il papirologo José O’Callaghan avanzò l’ipotesi che un frammento trovato nella settima grotta di Qumran provenisse dalla sezione Marco 6, 52-53. La reazione degli studiosi fu per lo più negativa. Carsten Peter Thiede ha ora soppesato con cura i pro e i contro della questione, ed è giunto alla conclusione che l’ipotesi di O’Callaghan è corretta e questo frammento di Qumran è di fatto più antico perfino del famoso P52. Il libro propone anche la teoria che per gli scritti del Nuovo  Testamento l’uso più antico sia rappresentato dal rotolo, non dal codice, e sostiene che tra i Cristiani e Qumran ci siano state relazioni di tipo diverso da quanto si pensasse fino ad ora.

Peter Thiede Carsten, nato a Berlino l’8 agosto 1952, ha studiato letteratura comparata (con specializzazione in lettere classiche), storia, latino medioevale, filologia, inglese e Tedesco a Berlino, Ginevra e Oxford. Negli anni 1976 e 1977 è stato a Oxford come ricercatore, per una specializzazione in paleografia, e dal 1977 al 1982 è stato assistente alla Facoltà di lettere dell’Università di Ginevra. Dal 1982 è membro dell’Institute of Germanic Studies all’Università di Londra e dal 1985 è anche direttore della Christliche Medien-Akademie di Wetzlar.



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Joüon, Paul

“Subsidia Biblica” 9

19932, p. VIII-100




Le petit livre de Ruth a de tout temps charmé les lecteurs de la Bible. La grâce et la simplicité du récit, la noblesse et l’élévation des sentiments, l’absence des difficultés exégétiques sérieuses, lui assurent un rang privilégié parmi les livres auxquels on revient plus volontiers. Les professeurs d’hébreu et les hébraïsants y trouvent un bon spécimen de prose classique –ou presque classique- qui leur fournit des exemples excellents de nombreuses particularités de morphologie, de syntaxe, de stylistique. L’état du texte massorétique offre des bonnes occasions pour éveiller le sens critique chez les hébraïsants plus avancés. Cette étude est un commentaire philologique abondant et détaillé, qui relève toutes les particularités intéressantes de grammaire, de lexicographie, de sémantique, de stylistique, de critique textuelle.

Paul Joüon naquît à Nantes, en France, le 16 février 1871. En 1890 il entra dans la Compagnie de Jésus. Outre le curriculum habituel de philosophie et de théologie, il poursuivit des études sur le Proche-Orient à Beirut et Innsbruck. En janvier 1915, il arriva à l’Institut Biblique Pontifical, à Rome, et y commença immédiatement son enseignement. En 1920, cependant, des problèmes de santé le contraignirent à abandonner l’enseignement. Il se consacra à la recherche, et écrivit tout en continuant à résider à L’Institut Biblique jusqu’en 1925 ; il retourna alors dans sa France natale. Le reste de sa vie déroula principalement à paris. Quelques mois avant sa mort il retourna à Nantes, où il mourut le 6 février 1940.


The Message of the New Testament and the aramaic Bible (Targum)

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Le Déault, Roger

“Subsidia Biblica” 5

1982, pp. XII-712




The message of Jesus and of the New Testament is presented as the fulfilment of the Jewish scriptures. It is therefore vital to know how the latter were interpreted in the Jewish world of the 1st century A. D. This book calls attention to the riches contained in the Targum. Alongside other sources the Targumic traditions, critically approached, shed light on a number of New Testament passages where the authors presuppose a wide context of development familiar to the Palestinian Jews contemporaneous with Jesus. The Targum also initiates us into an approach to scripture different from ours, but at the same time also that of the first Christian expositors, concerned to show that Jesus fulfilled the expectation of Israel to its last detail, The Targum.

Roger Le Déault, C.S.Sp. Born in 1923 at Camors (France). Studied at the Sorbonne and at the Institut Catholique of Paris, then at Rome (Gregorian University and Biblical Institute). Director in the French Seminary in Rome from 1952-1971. Since 1964 he has been teaching Targumic language and literature at the Biblical Institute. In addition to numerous articles on Intertestamental Judaism he has published la Nuit pascale (1963), Introduction à la literature targumique (1966), Targum des Chroniques (with J. Robert) (1971), The spirituality of Judaism (with A. Jaubert, K. Hruby) (1977), Targum du Pentateuque, 5 vol. (Paris, sources chrétiennes 1978-1981).


Hebrew-Ugaritic Index II

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Martinez, Ernest R.

“Subsidia Biblica” 4

1981, pp. 156




The first Hebrew-Ugaritic Index appeared in 1967 and received several favourable reviews calling for a continuation of the Index. The Hebrew-Ugaritic Index II is a response to these requests continuing the Index from 1966 to 1981. As with the first Index, the present Index II has been compiled with the intention of making the results of M. J. Dahood’s Ugaritic-Hebrew and now Eblaite studies more easily accessible. This helpful guide is provided with reference to numerous Hebrew words and passages of the Scripture, grammatical problems, and philological difficulties. The Hebrew-Ugaritic Index II is meant to assist in the philological work which is basic to the adequate translation and better understanding of the Bible.

Ernest R. Martinez S. J. received his Licentiate in Sacred Scripture from the Pontifical Biblical Institute in 1966, and in 1970 the Doctorate in Sacred Theology from the Pontifical Gregorian University with a dissertation written under the direction of Max Zerwick, S. J., entitled “The Gospel Accounts of the Death of Jesus”. From 1971 to 1979 he taught New Testament and Systematic Theology at the Jesuit School of Theology at Berkeley, California, a member school of the Graduate Theological Union. Beginning in 1976 he has also been the coordinator for Scripture Studies in the Department of Adult Education for the Diocese of Oakland, California. From 1979 to 1981 he conducted seminars at the Pontifical Biblical Institute and the Pontifical Gregorian University in New Testament while he worked on the new “Hebrew-Ugaritic Index II”.


Luke’s Presentation of Jesus: a Christology

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O’Toole, Robert F.

“Subsidia Biblica” 25

20081, pp. XIV-290




This study uses composition criticism to consider everything that Luke wrote about Jesus. Jesus was a human being and a prophet, yet Luke wished to say much more. He has a very extensive and developed portrayal of Jesus as a saviour. His roles as Servant of Yahweh and Son of Man play a real part in explaining a number of Jesus’ experiences and actions, including his passion. Jesus’ identification as the Christ can be associated with the being Son of God, but each of these identifications has its own nuances. Luke 1:35 proves crucial for a correct understanding of “Son of God” and guides the reader’s comprehension of Jesus’ identity. The OT background of “Lord” leads to a correct interpretation of this title when applied to Jesus, and Luke willingly predicates similar things of God and of Jesus.

Robert F. O’Toole, S. J., was born and raised in St. Louis and entered the Jesuits in 1954. He holds an M. A. in Greek and Latin and he is licentiated in both philosophy and theology. He did his doctorate in Sacred Scripture at the Pontifical Biblical Institute in Rome; his director was the then Fr. Carlo Maria Martini, S. J., later Cardinal-Archbishop of Milan. Fr. O’Toole taught at St. Louis University for 17 years and in 1991 moved to the Biblical Faculty at the Pontifical Biblical Institute, where he was also Superior of the community and then Rector of the Institute. In September of 2003, he was named the President of the Gregorian University Foundation. Fr. O’Toole has published extensively. Most of his publications are studies on Luke-Acts, and he has also done numerous book reviews. This, his fourth book, addressed a topic that for years has captured his intellectual interest.


An introductory Bibliography for the Study of Scripture

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Fitzmyer, Joseph A.

“Subsidia Biblica” 3

19903 revised ed. pp. XVI-220




This third edition of the Introductory Bibliography for the Study of Scripture builds on the two preceding editions Older, obsolete titles have benne eliminated, and newer relevant entries substituted, the twenty-four chapters of the book remain the same, but the contents of them have often changed. The book has been “internationalized” wherever possible and British publishers have been added to entries, when they could be ascertain. The aim of this revision remains what it has always been: to present a list of titles of reasonable length with which the student who is beginning the study of theology or of Scripture in a serious way might do well to familiarize himself or herself.

Joseph A. Fitzmyer, S. J. is professor emeritus at the Catholic University of America, Washington, DC. He has taught New Testament, its Semitic background, and biblical languages at Woodstock College, Woodstock, MD, University of Chicago, Fordham University, and Weston School of Theology, Cambridge, MA. In 1974-75 he delivered the Speaker’s Lectures at the University of Oxford, and in 1987 the Martin D’Arcy Lectures at Campion Hall of the same university. In 1984 he was awarded the Burkitt Medal for Biblical Studies by the British Royal Academy. He has authored over twenty books. He is a co-editor of  The New Jerome Biblical Commentary (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1990).

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